Covalent and Ionic Bonding

Ionic Nomenclature

  • Cation uses its original name (e.g. Sodium)
  • If the anion has no extra oxygen (e.g. Cl, N, O, etc.), change suffix to -ide (e.g. Cl becomes Chloride)
  • If the anion has standard number of oxygen (e.g. \(PO_4\) ), change suffix to -ate (e.g. \(PO_4\) becomes Phosphate)
  • If the anion has one less than the standard number of oxygen (e.g. \(NO_2\)), change suffix to -ite (e.g. \(NO_2\) becomes Nitrite)
  • If the anion has two less than the standard number of oxygen (e.g. \(NO\)), change the prefix to hypo- and the suffix to -ite (e.g. \(NO\) becomes Hyponitrite)

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Pranav Sharma
Pranav Sharma
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Year 12 Student, site owner and developer.

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